King William’s War – Captured By Indians

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

A story that has been related by many sources is that of Mary Haines’ capture by Indians.  There is some question about the date as Mary would have been 19 in 1696 and the story is often told of her being captured as a girl, however.  It should also be noted that in 1696 her brother Joseph, who was also captured would have only been 7.  If Mary had been captured when she was a little girl, Joseph would not yet have been born.  So perhaps we need to assume, that Mary was captured as a young woman.  The timing also makes sense, when we consider the historical context.

From Descendants of Roger Preston of Ipswich and Salem Village with edits from the NEHGS V.IX:

“[On] August [15], 1696, while Jonathan Haines was reaping in a field near Bradley’s Mills and the children were picking beans near by, the father and four children, Thomas, Jonathan, Mary, and Joseph, were captured by the Indians, who immediately started for Pennacook [Concord, NH]; here the party separated and one portion with the father and Thomas went to Maine, while the other, with the three other children, went to Canada, where the children were sold to the French.  The father and Thomas soon had an opportunity to escape and made their way, with great fatigue, to Saco, Maine and thence to Haverhill.  Of the other three, Jonathan and Joseph remained in Canada permanently [married and became wealthy farmers] while it is said Mary was redeemed the following winter for 100 lbs. of tobacco [carried up on a handsled].

Two years later [on] February [22], 1698 Jonathan Haines [and Samuel Ladd] and [their sons] Thomas [and Daniel]…started with their teams to haul some hay…from their meadow in the western part of town.  On their way home they were surprised by Indians, and the [men] were killed and [boys] were carried prisoner to Pennacook (NH).  [They] escaped and returned to Haverhill.”

The Haynes Family Genealogy by Paulette Haynes goes on to say that the family found Jonathan and Joseph when they were adults, but by that time they had forgotten their native language, now speaking French.   They did remember their sister, as she had lost a finger shortly before they were captured….just the sort of detail that would stick in the head of a young boy.

 

Historical Context:

In 1696, the English colonies were at war with the French.   The war actually began when Catholic King James II of England was forced from the throne and fled to exile in France.  His daughter Mary and her husband Protestant William became the rulers of England in what is known as the English Revolution.   Louis XIV, in France, did not think that England should so easily be able to switch rulers and supported Catholic King James.  In what is now the United States this was was called King William’s War, the first of what is known as the French and Indian Wars.  Beginning in 1688 and lasting through 1697, King William’s War was the result of the French and the British fighting for control of the New England colonies, both in the name of religion and in the name of trade.  New France (Canada) was a Catholic colony and New England was almost entirely Protestant, but also at issue was trade.   The French, with their only ports in what is now Canada, wanted access to year round trading opportunities, as they were ice bound in the winter.   Various Native American tribes in New England and the surrounding areas allied themselves with either the French or the British.  The French, led by Governor Frontenac of Canada, allied themselves in part with several tribes, who together formed the Wabanacki Confederacy, which included the Pennacook tribe.  The British allied themselves with the Iriquois Confederacy.  The French and their Native American allies made multiple raids on English towns and villages in the area north of Boston.   It was not uncommon for these raids to result in the death or capture of English colonists.  Captives were then taken to New France and sold into servitude.  It is probable that Mary Haines and her family were caught in one of these raids, as she was taken to Pennacook.    And it is possible, that she was captured not only by Indians, but by Frenchmen as well.  It is notable, and probably an indication of the fear and prejudice of the time that the story that has been passed down is that she was captured by Indians, with no mention of the French and their significant role in the raids taking place in the area of her home.  A treaty was signed in 1697 between the British and French, which perhaps allowed the recovery of Mary the following winter.   This did not entirely stop indian raids in the area, and it would be in one such raid that her father was killed in 1698.   Animosity between the two European countries continued and by 1702 they were at war again and the French and Indian Wars continued with Queen Anne’s War.

 

Sources for King William’s War:

Wikipedia Article about King William’s War and the French & Indian Wars

Wikipedia Article about the French and Indian Wars

History of the USA article about King William’s War

Map of French and English Territory during the Wars

 

 

Family of John Preston and Mary Haines

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

John Preston’s birth is recorded in Andover, MA town records on 1 May 1685 as is his marriage on 10 Jan 1706/07 to Mary Haines.  Mary was the daughter of Jonathan Haines (1646-1697) and Sarah Moulton (1656-1699).  They had the following children, born in Killingly, CT (listed in Descendants of Roger Preston of Ipswich and Salem Village, some dates from Family Data Collection on Ancestry, unless otherwise mentioned):

John (~1708 – 1749?) m. 1730 Eleanor STILES

Mary (1709 – 1766) m. 1736 to Stephen SMITH.  Children:  John, Stephen, Mary, Peter, James, Benjamin, Peabody, Sarah, Mehitable

Susannah (1711-1788) m. 1732 to Richard ADAMS

Jonathan (1713-1715)

Joseph (1716-1756) m. 1738 to Mary FRAME.  Had children.

Benjamin (1718 – 1719)

Theodore (1720 – 1748) m. 1742 to Eunice BUNDE

William (1721-1776) – m. 1746 to Mary AVERILL (or AVERY)

Abigail (1723- ~1800) m. 1740 to Daniel PLUML(E)Y.  Children:  Joseph

David (1725-1761) m. 1744 to Susannah MASON.  Children:  Ira

Samuel (1727-1728)

Sarah (1729-1730)

Massachusetts Bay Colony

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1628 by Puritans who wanted the freedom to practice their religion, apart from an increasingly intolerant English government.  This was an entirely separate settlement from Plymouth Colony, each with separate funding, government, and land grants.   Massachusetts Bay Colony settlers arrived at the port of Salem, originally called Naumkeag for the Native American tribe that lived there before the English settlers.   When the first settlers arrived in 1628 there was already a small English settlement in the area, part of an earlier failed attempt to start a colony in the area.  Salem was a good port and along with Boston, founded in 1630, was one of the major villages in the new colony.   During the 1630’s many more Puritan settlers arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, called The Great Migration.   As one village filled, up new settlers would petition the government for new land and a new village would spring up in proximity to the others.  Before 1640 roughly 20,000 people had settled in the area around the north side of Massachusetts Bay.   In 1640 the migration from England ground to a halt with the English Civil War.  In fact, many settlers returned to England to help fight in the war.

The colony’s stretched along the cost from the Charles River in the south to the  Merrimack River in the north, and on paper, reached all the way to the Pacific Ocean…although the founders knew nothing of what existed to the west of the Connecticut River valley.   This 1677 Map of New England was the first map published in the new world and shows a variety of towns in both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony to its south.

The Government in the Massachusetts Bay Colony was very tied to the Puritan religion.   Although, it had been founded so that the Puritans would have the freedom to practice their religion, they did not allow others the freedom to practice their own.  Quakers were especially persecuted by the local government.  They, and other dissenters, notably Roger Williams and Anne Hutchison, who founded the settlements that later became Rhode Island, were often asked to leave.   In 1691 the Massachusetts Bay Colony joined with Plymouth Colony as well as incorporating portions of present day Maine and New Hampshire, when it became the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

 

Sources:

Massachusetts Bay Colony – Wikipedia Article.  Includes neat map

Massachusetts Bay – “The City Upon a Hill” – Article about the founding of the colony, first government, and the Puritans.  Cool early Woodcut of New Enlgland.

The Massachusetts Bay Colony – school based article regarding early New England settlement

Massachusetts Bay Colony – Article about the early colony, the Puritans, early government with quotes and a map of the first colonies of New England

 

 

 

Family of Samuel Preston & Susannah Gutterson

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

Samuel PRESTON was born about 1651 in Ispwich, MA.  He married 27 May 1672 in Andover to Susannah GUTTERSON.  Susannah was born about 1654 in Ipswich, probably the daughter of  William GUTTERSON (~1620 – 1666) and perhaps Elizabeth CADE (1620 – 1710).  William GUTTERSON’S name is variously spelled GODDASON, GUTTASON, and GUDDERSON.  There is little known about him conclusively, but he is mentioned as the father of Susannah in the Descendants of Roger Preston of Ipswich and Salem Village by Charles Henry Preston.  His death in September of 1666 as well as his widow’s name, Elizabeth, are recorded in Essex Co., MA probate records.  His name is recorded in town records as early as 1646.  The Early Inhabitants of Ipswich, Mass. 1633-1700 by Abraham Hammatt says ” Gutterson, William, was a subscriber to Major Denison, 1648, and had a share in Plum Island in 1664; he died June 26, 1666; he had William born September 20, 1658, died 1669, Mary born August 8, 1660, John born March 24, 1661, [and] Sarah born July 3, 1665.”  [Note that Susannah is not mentioned.]

Samuel and Susannah (GUTTERSON) PRESTON had the following children, born in Andover:

Samuel (1672 – 1717) m. Sarah BRIDGES.  Children:  Levi

William (1674-?)

Susannah (1677-1741/2) m. James HOLT.  Children:  Abigail, James, Zerviah, Barzilla, Rhoda, Abigail

Mary (1678-??) m. Benjamin RUSSELL.  Children:  Benjamin, Mary, Abigail, Lydia, Joseph, Zerviah

Jacob (1681-after 1720) m. Sarah WILSON (?).  Children:  John, Jacob, Benjamin, William, Joseph, David

Elizabeth (1680-bef 1712) m. John HOLT

John (1685-1733) m. 10 Jan 1706/7 in Andover to Mary HAINES (1677-1746) Children: John, Mary, Susannah, Jonathan, Joseph, Benjamin, Theodore, William, Abigail, David, Samuel, Sarah

Joseph (1686-1713) m. Rebecca PRESTON (1688-1727)

Ruth (1688-) m. Hugh TAYLER

Lydia (1690-) m. Daniel HOLT

Priscilla (1695-1715) m. George HOLT.  Children:  Elias

Children of Roger and Martha Preston

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

Roger and Martha Preston were married about 1642 in Ipswich, MA.

They had children as follows:

Thomas – b. about 1643 in Ipswich.  He married 15 Apr 1669 in Salem to Rebecca Nurse (daughter of Francis Nurse and Rebecca Towne Nurse, who was hanged as a witch in 1692).  They had one son, John, who died on a fishing voyage when he was about 20 years old.  Thomas died in 1697.

Mary  – b. 2 Jan 1647/48 In Ipswich.  She married 8 Nov 1670 in Salem to  Nathaniel Ingersoll.  They had the following children:  Elizabeth, John, Nathaniel.  Mary died about 1676.

Elizabeth – b. abt 1648.  She married 12 July 1671 in Salem to William Henfield.  They had the following children:  Elizabeth, Hannah (d. as an infant), and Hannah.  Elizabeth died about 1677.

Samuel Preston – b. abt 1651 in Ipswich.  He married 27 May 1672 in Salem to Susannah Gutterson.

John – married Sarah Geary (b. 1665) in 1687 in Andover and had the following children:  Rebecca (m. Robert Holt), John, Thomas, John, Sarah (m. John Stacy), Hannah (m. Nathaniel Farnum), and Martha.  Most of the children died before reaching adulthood.  John died about 1703 in Andover, MA.

Jacob – b. abt 1658 in Ipswich.  He died at sea in 1679.

Levi – b. 16 Jul 1662 in Salem.  He married 16 Oct 1695 in Swansea, MA to Abigail Brooks.  They had the following children:  Levi, Roger, Isaac, and John.  Levi died 17 Jan 1751/52 in Fairfield, NJ.

 

 

Martha, wife of Roger Preston

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

The maiden name of Martha, wife of Roger Preston remains unknown.  It has been speculated that she was Martha Blessing Towne, daughter of William Towne and Joanna Blessing, but evidence remains inconclusive.

Following the death of Roger Preston, Martha Preston married Nicholas Holt on 21 May 1666 in Andover, MA.  This is recorded in the Andover town records.   She undoubtedly, took her younger children with her to the household of Nicholas Holt, following her marriage, as her youngest son Levi Preston, was only 3-4 when his father died and his mother remarried.

Martha Preston Holt died in 1702.

The “Elizabeth” 1635

Posted on: August 25th, 2015

Roger Preston, age 21, set sail in late-April 1635 on the “Elizabeth” from London.  He had signed an oath at St. Alphage, Cripplegate, London on April 8th.  Other oaths were taken and passengers registered until the 17th of April.  They arrived safely in Massachusetts later in the year.  The Captain was Master William Stagg.

Voyages by ship to the new world typically took about 2 months, barring storms or other calamities which might extend the voyage.  Assuming good weather, the Elizabeth probably arrived in Massachusetts at the end of June.  While some families may have had cabins, conditions were very crowded for passengers of the time and disease spread quickly.   The most common hazards during a 17th century sea crossing were the perils of illness, hunger, and malnutrition plaguing the close quarters kept by the passengers on board, the likelihood of which, grew with the length of the journey.   While storms and shipwrecks were a possibility, only one ship of the 200 that crossed during the 1630’s was actually lost.

Roger Preston and the Elizabeth made it safely to Massachusetts in the spring of 1635, it is interesting to note that a large hurricane was recorded in August of that year.  The Great Hurricane of 1635 made landfall in Narragansett Bay, crossing what are now Rhode Island and Massachusetts and moving back into the Atlantic south of Boston.   This resulted in the one shipwreck that took place during the 1630s among passenger ships to New England, that of the Angel Gabriel, which was wrecked in Maine.  This must have been a frightening event for Native Americans and European settlers alike, living in the area around Boston and Plymouth Colony, and I’m sure that the recently arrived passengers of the Elizabeth were happy that they were not at sea when the storm hit.

Sources:

The Winthrop Society:  Passenger lists for early ships to the New World

Understanding Your Ancestors:  Background on how and why people left England in the first half of the 17th century

The Weather Doctor:  The Great Hurricane of 1635:  Description of accounts of the storm of 1635 and the path it took through New England

Great Migration:  Passengers of the the Elizabeth 1634 & 1635:   General description of the 1630s migration

Wikipedia – Angel Gabriel (ship):   Description of the Angel Gabriel and its sinking

 

The Marine and Sarah Davis family

Posted on: November 9th, 2009

Marine (or Marion) Davis, according to the census records, was born about 1815, probably in Kentucky.  He died sometime between the 1880 and 1900 census.  We first find a Marene Davis in Lawrence Co., IN in 1840.  Looking at the vital records for that county, we find a marriage record for Marion Davis and Sarah Bond in Lawrence Co. on 20 Aug 1837.  The couple is listed in the subsequent census records as follows:

1850 in Northwest Twp., Orange Co., IN:  Marine Davis with wife Sarah and children William (17), Harriet (12), Elizabeth (11), John (9), Henry (5), Martha (3), Mary (1), and Sarah J. (12).

1860: in Halbert, Martin Co., IN:  Marine (44) and Sarah (45) with children: Elizabeth, John, Henry, Martha, and Mary.

1870: in Northwest Twp., Orange Co., IN: Manon (or Marion) and Sarah Davis

1880: Northwest: Marine and Sarah Davis with daughter Mary Owen and their Owen grandchildren:  James M., Lydia A., William A., Henry F., Sarah J., and Martha A.

There is an entry in the Orange Co., IN WPA Death Index for Sarah Davis near Northwest Twp.  She died in 1885.  There is no entry for Marine.

The origins of Marine and Sarah Davis have yet to be determined.  There was quite a large group of Davis families in the area.  I have not yet determined how (and if) they are related to each other and/or Marine.  Many of those families seem to have come up from Kentucky, which is consistent with Marine Davis’s birth place.  Of note is that in the 1880 census he lists his father’s birth place as Maryland and his mother’s as Kentucky.

Sarah Bond, according to several gedcoms on the Ancestry World Tree, was the daughter of a widow, Sally Starkey Bond, who came to Lawrence Co., IN with her children following the death of her husband, Robert Bond in Kentucky.  The family was from Virginia.   While this story is certainly consistent with Sarah’s birth place listed in the census as Virginia, I have done no research to confirm the validity of any of it.   In 1880, Sarah lists her parents birth places both as North Carolina.

One other note of interest regarding the possible family of Marine Davis.  In 1850, there is an Elizabeth Davis next door to the household of Marine, age 39, in Northwest Twp.  She is 57 years old.  She was born in Kentucky.  There is only one other individual in her household.  A 16 year old boy named Marion.   In 1860, Marion, age 26, is listed as head of household.  Elizabeth Davis is still there, now 66.  They are followed by another female Davis, age 42, also born in Kentucky.  The name looks something like Edelon.

Obituary of Robert J. Morrison

Posted on: November 7th, 2009

Printed in the Springs Valley Herald, French Lick, IN on 22 May 1930 (forwarded by Steve Morrison):

“Robert Morrison was born near Shoals, Indiana March 14, 1841 and departed this life Sunday night, May 1, 1930 at the age of 87 years and two months.  He was united in marriage three times. His first marriage was to Elizabeth Davis, January 31, 1860. To this union four children were born.  Two preceded him in death. The living are Charles of Oaktown, Indiana and Ella Acre of Canton, Ohio. His second marriage was to Mary J. Simmons, August 29, 1872. To this union three children were born of which only Mrs. Laura Fowler of Claysville, Penn. survives him. And his third marriage was to Sarah A. Wilson, May 26, 1877. To this union six children were born of which four survive; him: Harvey of Brooklyn, Indiana, Shirley of West Baden, Ross of Windsor, Ill. and Mrs. Bina Scarlet of West Baden…For three years he has been blind and confined to his home. He was a member of the Methodist church and was converted in 1898. During all his afflictions and pain he was jovial, patient and kind. He expressed his willingness and readiness to take the great departure.  Besides his children and other relatives he leaves thirty-four grandchildren to mourn his departure.

‘The course of my long life hath reached at last,/In fragile bark o’er tempestuous sea,  The common harbor, where must rendered be/Account of all actions of the past.’

CARD OF THANKS
We wish to thank the neighbors and friends for help and sympathy, and beautiful flowers also W. V. Rit-ter & Son for their efficient service, Rev. E. C. Montgomery for the consoling words and the choir for the beautiful songs in the death of our father, Robert Morrison.
The Children”

Children of Robert Morrison and Sarah Ann Wilson

Posted on: November 7th, 2009

Following the death of his second wife, Mary Simmons in Dec 1876, Robert Morrison married for the third and final time on 13 May 1877 to Sarah Ann Wilson.  Their marriage is recorded in the Martin Co., IN marriages.

The census and obituary both list six children for the marriage of Robert and Sarah (Wilson) Morrison.  They are as follows (source for the children’s birth, deaths, and marriages is Stephen Morrison):

Harvey Morrison was b. 4 Oct 1878 and d. 27 Dec 1939.  He married in Feb 1910 to Stella Temple and was living in Brooklyn, IN according to his father’s 1930 obituary.

Perry Morrison was b. 25 Sep 1880 and d. 1929.  He married in 1913 to Lizzie Blagrave.

Harriet Lavina “Bina” Morrison was b. 7 Sep 1881 and d. 29 Dec 1964.  She married in 1899 to Otha Scarlett.

Alpha Morrison was b. 12 Sep 1884 and d. 16 Sep 1913.  She married in 1901 to James Harry Salmon.

Harry Shirley Morrison was b. 25 Feb 1887 and d. 14 Dec 1956.  He married in 1908 to Mattie Fisher.

Ross Morrison was b. 2 Sep 1889 and d. 29 Apr 1980.  He married in 1911 to Alice May Galloway.